Trastornos de la personalidad

Conoces el tipo de personas que no saben como comunicarse sino a través de expresiones de ódio, resentimiento ó venganza hacia los demás? ó que en muchas ocasiones disfrutaban asesinando animales cuando era niño? esta será una información de tu interés para comprender porqué y cuando se convierte en un trastorno de la personalida Antisocial.


Make Your Images Stand Out With Curves

Capturing a great image first time, every time is a very fine art – lots of environmental factors such as lighting can really negatively impact the final image that is captured. The great news is that if you don’t capture the image you want, you can easily edit the image after.


The Curves tool works by making subtle changes to the shadows, highlights and midtones (the blacks, whites and greys of an image) – it’s not a tool to edit colour or remove noise. It’s most effective with images that are over-exposed (too light) or under-exposed (too dark) but can also work well with images that are a little bit lacklustre in their colouring. Follow our handy nine-step tutorial to discover how to completely transform your images using Aperture.

Step-by-step Get to grips with Curves

1 Get started

Launch the Aperture app and navigate to an image that you wish to edit. Double-click on an image to open it full screen. Alternatively, click on the Viewer icon in the top-right corner.

2 Launch the Inspector

Next, click on the Inspector icon in the top-left of the Aperture interface. In the column that appears on the left-hand side of the interface, click on the tab labelled Adjustments.

3 Launch Curves tool

Click on Add Adjustment. From the drop-down that appears, select Curves. The Curves tool will be displayed in the main left-hand column. Ensure that the box labelled Curves is checked.

4 Auto adjust image

In the Curves toolbox, click on both buttons labelled Auto. This will automatically apply the Curves tool to your image – it saves time and also gives you a much better work canvas.

5 Select Colour Channel

The Auto tools will have already improved your image, yet there is always more to be done. Click on the menu next to the Channel option and make sure that RGB is selected.

6 Into the shadows

Drag the black slider on the left-hand side of the Curve grid to increase the number of shadows – this will increase colours and works particularly well with over-exposed images.

7 Add some light

Drag the white slider at the bottom of the righthand side of the grid to increase the number of highlights and improve the colour intensity – this works wonders with under-exposed images.

8 Create a Curve

On the Curve grid, you’ll notice a number of dots. Click on these dots and drag them around the grid to create a curve – the image will change in real-time as you’re moving the dots.

9 Go slow

It’s important to note that a lot of these changes will be subtle, so move the dots around slowly – dragging them from one end of the grid to the other will result in extreme changes.


Make Album Artwork For iTunes

Gaps in your library? Create your own placeholder album cover

Missing artwork is the downfall of any well-stocked library. Sometimes you will come across the occasional album that you can’t sort out using iTunes’ search options. Maybe it’s an exported GarageBand project or a download with no metadata attached – whatever the case, you’re going to need to make some artwork yourself.


This is where iPhoto comes in, with some help from Pages and Preview. We’re going to show you how to turn the iTunes icon into a placeholder album cover. Of course, you can make custom covers for every album using your own photos, but if there’s a lot of missing artwork then you may just want something a bit more simple. Let’s get cracking.

Step-by-step: Restyle the iTunes icon

1 Grab the base icon

Right-click iTunes in your Applications folder and choose Show Package Contents. Copy iTunes.icns from Contents>Resources onto your desktop and then open that copy in iPhoto.

2 Create a JPEG

The standard resolution for album artwork in iTunes is 600×600 pixels, so we need to resize. Hit File>Export, set it to JPEG at Maximum quality with a 600px Custom size, then Export.

3 Get a little creative

Next, customise your icon as you see fit. We boosted Contrast, reduced Saturation, tweaked Temperature/Tint, applied a Sepia effect and pushed Vignette up to 7 for a rich, vintage look.

4 Apply as artwork

When you’re ready, export another JPEG. In iTunes, find an album that needs artwork, rightclick it and select Get Info. Click the Artwork tab and use Add to apply your new album cover.

Add text to your album cover

You’ll need to enlist Pages and Preview, but it is possible to add text to your iPhoto-made album artwork – here’s how you do it…

1 Make space for text

Export a 500px square version of your icon artwork. Then export another 600px version, but push the Vignette up to the max so it’s black around the edges. Drag into Pages.

2 Convert PDF to JPEG

Using the guides, put the 500px square in the centre of the 600px one, covering the central spot. Add your text and export as a PDF. Use Preview to convert back to JPG and crop.


Export And Share Your iMovie Projects

We explain all the ways you can get your work out into the wild

Most of your care and attention in iMovie goes into perfectly piecing together your movie project. You want to ensure that every frame and shot is correct, with the right audio and other effects firmly in place. What this all means is that by the time it comes to exporting and sharing, some people can skip through the process and not really take in all the options open to them. This tutorial will take a look at all the sharing options on offer to you at the business end of an iMovie project, and when is the best time to use them.

From posting your projects to CNN’s dedicated news site to uploading it to a video sharer like YouTube or Vimeo, this tutorial will give you a better understanding of all the ways you can get your projects out there.

Step-by-step Share your iMovie projects

1 Share

Once you have completed your project and are ready to export and share it, there are two ways to do it. Either click File then Share from the menubar or just click the share icon in-app.

2 Confirm

Whichever sharing option you choose, a confirmation dialog will appear. This enables you to add tags, a description and choose the size of the project when it’s exported.

3 Render

When you’re happy with all of these points, click Share. This will begin the export process by rendering your movie. The time it takes depends on your project’s size.

4 Exported

Once rendering has finished, your project will be ready to be uploaded, sent or shared as you see fit. It will also have been added to the iMovie Theater for you to view at any time.

iMovie sharing highlights

A look at some of the other sharing options within iMovie, and what sort of projects they would suit being used for…

1 Vimeo

A video-sharing site, Vimeo is widely populated by independent filmmakers. So if you’re particularly happy with your movie project, then this is the place to send it.

2 CNN iReport

The US-based news network has a dedicated area of its website just for citizen journalism uploads. iMovie even has a template for you to use for your own reports.


Design Your Own Keynote Theme

It’s easy to customise the basic themes to fit your needs and then save new versions for later

Beautiful as they are, you won’t get far if you keep using the default Keynote themes. There will come a time when you’ve spent so lon working on the layout and style of a particular keynote, you’ll want to re-use it for a different presentation. And you may have built bespoke slides that you want to use again – perhaps something with image placeholders you’ve enhanced with precise borders, tints and tilts.


Keynote makes it easy for you to save your customisations for future use. If you work on the master slides, you can save them out as a new theme that you can then choose to use next time you create a fresh keynote. Here’s a quick-start guide – take a look at your disc for a full screencast tutorial on making this theme.

Step-by-step Customise and save themes

1 Edit the masters

Open a blank new Keynote document using the White Theme from the Standard collection. This is the base we’ll work from. Click View>Edit Master Slides (or hit Cmd+Alt+E).

2 Add a background image

In the Format panel, pick Advanced Image Fill from the Background section and hit Choose to add your artwork. Use Scale to Fill and click the colour wheel button to drop the Opacity.

3 Make text more readable

Use the Shape tool to add a square, then resize it as shown. Set it to Gradient Fill, making the top white with 0% Opacity and the bottom a complementary colour set to 100%.

4 Repeat for all slides

For consistency, copy and paste this shape to all your slides. Resize placeholder images to fit within it, and play with the colour stops under Advanced Gradient Fill for further control.

5 Choose your size

Consider where you are going to be using your theme. If you want to make a widescreen or custom-sized version, open the Setup panel and use the Slide Size drop-down.

6 Save your theme

For more guidance on customising your theme, check out the screencast. For now, just head to File>Save Theme and then choose to save in the Theme Chooser or a custom destination.

Using your theme

If you’ve saved your theme to the Theme Chooser then it will be there waiting for you next time you create a new document in Keynote. If you’ve saved it to your Mac then you’ll be able to launch it from the file itself, wherever you’ve saved it, and even share it with other people (like we’re sharing ours on your disc). In any case, here’s how to use it.

1 Open your theme

If you saved your custom theme to the Theme Chooser, start a new Keynote document and click My Themes at the top to see yours. You can right-click to delete or rename it. Double-click to open it up.

2 Start adding slides

As usual, you’ll see just a title slide to begin with. To add more, click the ‘+’ button in the bottom-left corner of the interface to bring up the full list of your customised master slides. It’s as easy as that.


Design And Share A Digital Business Card

Never worry about having business cards with you again – it’s time to go digital

Business cards have long been a useful tool for networking with potential business clients or contacts. However, technology has moved on significantly in recent years. We store the contact details of our friends and family digitally on our phones and computers, so it makes sense that business cards should evolve from paper to phone, too.


Gone are the days of having a Rotadex storing the precious contact details of all of the people you’ve ever done business with – now it’s time to go digital, and with Pages, you can do just that. With a few minutes and a whole host of creative tools in Pages, you can create a professional looking digital business card to share with your existing and soon-to-be business contacts. Follow our handy guide to get started.

Step-by-step Create a digital business card

1 Change your dimensions

Select the Blank Landscape template. Navigate to File>Page Setup. Click on Paper Size and select Manage Custom Sizes. Set the Paper Size Width to 85mm and the Height to 55mm.

2 Convert to Page Layout

Press OK. Head back to the File menu and select Convert to Page Layout – this converts our document into one more suited to being creative. Next, we’re going to create a logo.

3 Create a logo

Click on Shapes at the top and choose a square. Drag the square to the left-hand side of the business card. Click Fill in the Format panel and choose a colour from the Colour Fill heading.

4 Style your logo

Drag the Opacity slider to 50%. This will make your square slightly translucent. Copy and paste your square twice, offsetting them both at a diagonal. Make the colours lighter.

5 Add some text

Click on the Text icon and choose a style of text from the pop-out box. Re-size the text box to cover the right-hand side of the business card. Type in some business contact details.

6 Style your text

Highlight the text you’ve just added and change the font using the options listed under the Font heading in the right-hand column. We’ve chosen Helvetica Neue to keep things clean.

7 Make it bigger

Change the font size to 10pt by pressing the up arrow next to the font size box. Next, just highlight the business name and set it to a larger size than the rest of the text.

8 Frame your card

Frame your card with a border. Click the Shape icon and choose a line. Place a line at the top and bottom of the card – customise the lines using the options in the right-hand column.

9 Export and share

Once you’re happy with your business card, navigate to File>Export To. Choose PDF from the pop-out menu. Set the PDF’s Image Quality to Best and give your business card a name.


Customise Your Pages Setup

Control the structure of your document to improve its appearance

Pages makes it easy for you to focus on your writing, and gives you formatting tools for improving your images and text – but what about the page itself? Once you’ve written all the words, you might be wondering how you can make the most of your page space, or set your document up so that you can print it properly. And it might be the case that you’re trying to save a few lines somewhere to avoid leaving half of your final paragraph on a new page. Well, Pages has you covered.


Using the Setup panel, you can quickly and easily make sweeping changes to the structure of your document and get it ready for anything, whether that’s printing in uncommon page sizes, dropping information into headers and footers or changing your page margins.

Step-by-step: Change page layouts

1 Set page orientation

Click the Setup button at the top-right to bring up your document settings. Set your document to portrait or landscape mode using the buttons beneath Page Orientation.

3 Insert page numbers

Tick the Footer option just below Page Orientation to add a three-column bar to the bottom of each of your pages. Select a cell then click Insert Page Number button.

2 Change paper size

Above Page Orientation is Printer & Paper Size; use the first drop-down to select the printer that you’ll be using and then use the second to set your paper size.

4 Add a header

Now tick Header on. Use this space to hold information like the title of the document, your name and the date – it’s particularly useful for reports and academic writing.

Get more space

Page layout and structural elements are important, but if you’re just trying to be efficient with your page space then there’s more you can do, as we’re about to prove…

1 Reduce page margins

Below the header and footer section is Document Margins, which controls the space between your page edges and your text. Reduce these to fit more words onto a page.

2 Hyphenate text

If you have a text-heavy document then consider ticking the Hyphenation option at the bottom of the page in order to break words across lines using hyphens.



iPhoto Journals

Create And Share A Web Journal

Use iPhoto’s Web Journal tool to create a beautiful online gallery to show off to your friends

Sharing photos on iPad is easy, but with iPhoto it can also be incredibly beautiful. The app enables you to perfectly edit all your shots, of course, but with the great sharing options on offer you can also put them on show to the world with just a few taps. One of our favourite options, Web Journal, lets you customise a gallery with a bespoke design, size options for each image and built-in additions like maps and calendars that can help you tell a visual story with your shots.


Once you’ve created your journal and customised your tiles, you can share it with friends directly or publish it to your iCloud account for everyone to see. We’ve detailed exactly how this works across these two pages. The iPad and creativity go hand in hand, as we’re about to prove.

Step-by-step Share a stunning web journal

1 Choose Web Journal

First, tap on a photo to start the process and tap the Share button in the top-right of the screen. From the drop-down menu, select the Web Journal option beneath Create a Project.

2 Pick your photos

Before you can continue you’ll need to select the photos you want to include in the journal. You can simply select all the shots in the current album or choose your shots manually instead.

3 Tap or select range

If you tapped Choose Photos, you’ll be able to tap the images you want to use to select them. Alternatively, tap Range in the top bar and tap the first and last image.

4 Pick a design

You’ll now be able to select the design you want for your journal from the six options on offer and give your journal a title, which can be changed later if you wish.

5 Edit

Your photos will be laid out automatically on the design you chose, with different size and shapes of shot included automatically. Tap the Edit button to access more options.

6 Customise your title

First, tap the title of your journal to be presented with options for different fonts and alignments of the text. You can move the title like any other piece of text in the journal.

7 Add elements

Tap the ‘+’ button in the top menubar and you can add extra items to your journal. Include maps, currency, weather and more to help your journal tell a story.

8 Move it around

Tap and hold on any item on the page and you can move it around the interface. The app will automatically shift things around to make room, so you can perfect your layout.

9 Share online

When you’re happy with your layout, hit the Share button again and select iCloud. You can then share your link to the web journal with others, or view it in Safari.


Create A Slideshow Movie With Photos

Use iMovie to create an impressive showcase of some of your memorable images

There are times when a simple portfolio or Keynote slideshow just won’t do, and you want something with a little extra polish. This is where iMovie comes in handy, offering you the chance to drop in images and create a cool, themed slideshow in moments, as opposed to having to piece together a project slide by slide.


In this tutorial we will be running through how to put together your slideshow, from gathering the images from iPhoto to editing the transitions and adding music for that extra spark at the end. Whether it be to show off your skills as a photographer or relive the year you spent travelling, creating a slideshow using iMovie is a very smart use of your time with an impressive end product too.

1 New movie

Open up iMovie and, from the toolbar, select to create a new movie. This will present you with the various theme options. Take your time to choose the one that suits your project best.

2 iPhoto Library

With your new project named and open, click the iPhoto Library option. This will open your various iPhoto albums and events in the top-left preview window, ready to be browsed.

3 Drop in your photos

Having found the images you would like to include, use the Cmd key to click and select each of them. With them all highlighted they can be dropped onto your timeline.

4 Transitions

Your photos will automatically be stitched together, complete with transitions. Double-click on any of these and you can edit the transition so that it suits the overall style of your slideshow.

5 Text

Depending on the theme you chose, there will be an opening and closing screen that comes with text. Double-click on this in the timeline to edit it to match the theme of the slideshow.

6 Import a music track

Go to the Import tab at the top and you can go through your Mac and import music. This can come from iTunes and beyond; just select the track and click Import before dragging it in.


Edit images

Just because you’re not using iPhoto or a third party app, doesn’t mean that you can’t edit the appearance of your images. iMovie still gives you the ability to tweak aspects of your photos, like colour balance and exposure. This means you can add a further touch of creativity to your slideshow in order to make it stand out from the crowd.

1 Choose your image

From within the timeline, click on the image you want to work on so that it appears in the big preview window. Then look to the toolbar above it and click the Adjust button to open up this sub-menu.

2 Adjust tools

Within this menu there are three main options that you can use: Color Balance, Color Correction and Cropping. These are predominately controlled using scrollbars, so making edits and tweaks is an easy process.